Cats communicate through body language, and it's important to understand what they're trying to tell you.
A cat's tail can indicate their mood - a straight tail means they're feeling confident, while a puffed-up tail means they're scared or angry.
Ears that are forward and slightly tilted mean your cat is happy and relaxed, while flattened ears indicate fear or aggression.
A cat's eyes can also reveal their emotions - dilated pupils mean they're excited or scared, while half-closed eyes indicate contentment.
Kneading is a sign of affection and comfort, while a cat who arches their back and hisses is feeling threatened.
Purring can indicate happiness, but it can also be a sign of stress or pain.
A cat who rubs their head or body against you is marking you with their scent, which is a sign of affection.
If your cat's hair stands up on their back, it means they're feeling threatened or aggressive.
Finally, pay attention to your cat's vocalizations - meows, purrs, and growls can all indicate different emotions.